Category Archives: Dyeing

Experimental Fibre Dyeing – From a Ball

It has been awhile since I posted….let’s see if I remember how to do this!

Since my last post in…..let me check…..HOLY CRAP….2016???!!!!  Really???

……Wow.

Okay…so since that time sooooo long ago, we have moved from Toronto back to Hamilton, got a new puppy….a Patterdale Terrier named Oberon (who has his own Instagram account that you should check out because he is so bloody cute!) and I have continued with my fibrearts dabbling.  It has taken somewhat of a backseat to my work over the past while as I get used to commuting between cities again and unpack our new house…but I still knit and crochet and spin and weave and needle felt (You can see why I call myself a dabbler!) …. and dye wool!

I have dyed skeins and fleece in the past but only a few times and with food coloring to get a sense of how the whole process worked.  This time, I have been working with dyes from Greener Shades and experimenting with different approaches.

One dyeing technique I tried last week was dyeing a wool ball.  I saw it on a youtube channel and thought it would be interesting to try.  It was supposed to result in a cool mottled affect that would be dark at one end and lighten as the dye soaked through the layers towards the middle.

On hand, I only had a few natural colored skeins so I chose a light brown wool skein to work with and I balled it up manually….which takes so long after using a swift and yarn winder on a regular basis!

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The technique is to simply dye the ball….allowing quite a bit more time than you normally would when dyeing skeins because of the tightness of the wind…the dye needs more time to soak through layers.

After soaking the ball, I started with a simple deep blue dye.

I left the ball in the dye bath for 20 minutes….then checked it…..20 more minutes….then checked it…..20 more minutes…..You get the picture.
I was dyeing other items at the same time so I ended up leaving it in the pot for over an hour.

20180620_114603 But even after all that time….there was still dye in the water.  I could have left it longer….should have actually but I got impatient and removed it, using the remaining blue to dye some leftover raw fleece that I had on hand.

 

 

 

 

So, I rinsed the ball and left it to sit for a bit and when I finally handled it and looked through the layers, I discovered that the dye hadn’t made its way very deeply.  (Which you can see if the photo below)
I had balled the yarn quite tightly and that obviously affected how deep the dye was able to penetrate.  If I were to do this again, I would a) try to wind a bit looser and b) probably leave the ball in the pot for the whole afternoon and go about my business doing other things.

20180620_123437I unfortunately didn’t take photos of the next step….but since I wasn’t satisfied with how much it had dyed….I dyed the ball again.

I let the ball cool down, and then unwound it halfway so it was wound into two smaller balls that were connected.  I dropped one of them into a pot of red dye and the other into a pot of purple dye.  Then I left them….for 20 minutes…again and again….same as the first time.

I must wind pretty tightly because the dye didn’t penetrate through either ball fully, but it still resulted in an interesting mix of colours.  They unfortunately aren’t very sharp and defined but I would still call this experiment a success.

I would try this technique again but I would pay more attention to how tightly wound the ball is, leave it in the dye bath likely for hours and plan out my colors a little better.  Not sure how I feel about a brown base with these shades 😉

 

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On the hunt for locally made yarn…

Ever since I began this obsessive fibre arts period of my life, I have enjoyed visiting local yarn shops when I travel.

I usually take the time to hunt them down before we arrive so I have a sense of where they are in the city.  That also means that I can manipulate our plans to bring us near said shop and then say something like “Oh, look!  There’s a yarn shop over there!  It’s a sign from the universe that I should check it out! Can you pull in? I’ll only be a minute!”

Cue the sigh, the raised eyebrow and my partner B pulling out his book as he lowers his seat back and settles in for a long wait. 😉

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“But I want to stop in to the yarn shop. I’ll only be a minute! I promise!”        “NO.”

I have to say though, that over time, I have been able to somewhat shorten my visits … well… depending on how talkative the shop owner is!
Part of the reason for this is that I like to look for local items when I travel.  I visit the local yarn shop and the moment I enter, I ask if they carry anything made by local artisans.  My logic is that, generally speaking, all the other mass-produced yarns can be found near my home.  So if I’m going to stuff my suitcase full of lovely skeins to bring back with me, they had better be unique and one of a kind.

My most recent outing was to Port Elgin, Ontario.

We were visiting friends at their cottage and a few of us decided to head out for some needed groceries….and a chai latte!  It’s always time for chai!

Anyway, I digress.

As we drove through the downtown portion of Port Elgin, it occurred to me that perhaps I could convince the driver, our friend John, and B to pop by the local yarn shop….assuming there was one.

At a red light, I googled yarn shop + port elgin and came up with Doc Knits.  I excitedly mentioned that there was a yarn shop somewhere nearby and could we maaaaaybe go find it.

B looked up, pointed to the left and said “You mean THAT place?”

We were stopped at the light in front of the shop.  It was the universe saying that I should *definitely* visit! 😉

They didn’t open for another half hour so we did the shopping first and then the guys parked the car and gave me some time to poke my head into the loveliness that is Doc Knits.

One of the first things I noticed about the shop is the sitting area in the back, beyond the front desk.

Gorgeous cozy sitting area in Doc Knits
Cozy sitting area in Doc Knits

 

The second thing I noticed was BUTTONS!

How I LOVE wooden buttons!
How I LOVE wooden buttons!

It was at that point that I stopped looking and headed to the counter to ask about local yarn.  The woman working there was lovely and quite friendly, I’m sorry I didn’t get her name.
She pointed me in the direction of their ShantiKnits yarn.  The yarn itself wasn’t local, but the dye job was done nearby in Southampton, Ontario.  Good enough for me!

I really liked her choice of colorway names!

IMG_3549 IMG_3550 IMG_3548There were many skeins to choose from but I went with Chantry Mist as it seemed to be the most interesting and unique of the bunch.

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Cannot wait to work with these two skeins!


Once I had decided what I would buy…I couldn’t help but look around a bit more.  Just to see what they had of course!

I came across this lovely cowl, which turned out to be a free pattern off Ravelry!  I liked the look of it, so I took a shot so I would remember to find it online.

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AND the other item I found that excited me was an alpaca/bamboo blend yarn!

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I am always on the lookout for yarns that are natural fibres, warm, and NOT wool as so many folks who order shawls from me specify that they don’t want wool of any kind.

We could get into the discussion about wool and how there are so many different kinds, treated so many different ways that it’s hard to say that all wool is the same: itchy, scratchy, rough, uncomfortable.

BUT

I absolutely love working with alpaca and I am completely  happy to search for an appropriate yarn to make a custom order!  It can be hard to find a heavier weight so this yarn that I came across made me happy!

Heavier weight alpaca, wool-free and chain-constructed. Perfect for those heavier winter projects I want to work on!

I didn’t buy any…I just took a picture for later! 😉

So in the end, I was in the shop for about 15-20 mins and only bought two skeins of locally dyed yarn!

That’s a success in my books!

Yarn fun: Experimenting with Natural Dyes

Top: turmeric Middle: Red Cabbage Bottom: Red Onion Skin NOTE: Skeins in this shot haven't been rinsed since the initial dyeing.
Top: turmeric
Middle: Red Cabbage
Bottom: Red Onion Skin
NOTE: Skeins in this shot haven’t been rinsed since the initial dyeing.

Last week, I signed up for a Natural Dyeing course that took place over two evenings at the Knit Cafe here in Toronto.  It was a small class, only 5 of us plus the instructor and the store owner.  A great size because we were able to chat, ask lots (LOTS) of questions ;), plus the space isn’t huge so it was a comfortable setting for the 7 of us.

I went in knowing a bit about dyeing yarn as a friend and I experimented recently with food colouring, but we had used vinegar as a mordant and stuck with food colour gels. In this class we learned to used alum/cream of tartar as a mordant and we dyed with food and food waste….it was a lot of fun and I learned a lot!

WASH the WOOL
The first evening we washed our wool and then placed it in a mordant bath.  

Washing included placing the wool in water mixed with a squirt of mild soap (like Dawn) and squeezing the wool to ensure it was wet and to get rid of air bubbles. We heated the water for about an hour to remove any dust, dirt, chemicals etc.

I thought our wool looked pretty darn clean but the water at the end was pretty brown!

MORDANT
The mordant we used was 20% alum and 6% cream of tartar.  The percentage refers to the weight of the mordant compared to the weight of the fibre that was to be added.

We filled large stainless steel soup pots with water, brought the water *almost* to simmering and added the mordant mixture, followed by our wool skeins.  The pots remained on the heat for another 30 mins or so, until the class ended.

The wool stayed in the mordant overnight and the next day, the teacher went in about an hour early and turned all the pots back on, bringing the water back up to *almost* simmering.

Then….we starting mixing up the dye pots!

DYE POTS

A) Red Cabbage
The first dye pot used red cabbage.

IMG_5701 IMG_5702The bottoms were chopped off we could simply peel away the layers.  We used almost the whole cabbage except the very middle where the colour started to lighten.

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Then we added water and brought it to a boil.  When the dye water is 50 degrees, you can add the wool and continue heating until you are *almost* boiling.  You don’t want a rolling boil as that agitate the wool and result in felting.

Well, in this case, we added the wool before it reached boiling….due to limited time and the fact that the small burners we were using were having a hard time bringing such large amounts of water to a rolling boil.

We also left the cabbage leaves in the pot with the wool….again, due to limited time.

It appeared to be dying the wool a pinkish-purply colour but in the end, the colour softened quite a bit and wasn’t the vibrant shade you would expect.

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B) Turmeric

Gloves!  Gloves, gloves, gloves!  Plus garbage bags or some other plastic protection….

Turmeric will dye *everything*.  You, your counter, the wall…so be warned! 🙂

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Use tongs to place each skein into its respective pot…but be sure to keep the turmeric tongs separate!

It is a gorgeous colour and well worth experimenting with…not to mention it smells pretty good…unlike the boiling cabbage!

In this pot, we placed 800g of turmeric, two large bags.  The instructor had a nylon bag that she told us she always uses with turmeric.  It allows the water to flow throughout the spice and it keeps the granules from getting caught up in your fibre.

In terms of heat, it was prepped similar to the cabbage prepping mentioned above.

Pretty!  But oh, so dangerous! :)
Pretty! But oh, so dangerous! 🙂

 

C) Red Onion Skins

Again, another food item that I sort of expected to equal a brilliant dye colour, but didn’t.  As you can see, minutes after we added the yarn to the pot, it had already started to turn.

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Red Onion Skin dye pot
Red Onion Skin dye pot

All of our yarn stayed in the dye pots for about an hour to an hour and a half.  Again, our class had limited time so the point was really to experiment with the dyes and learn about the process so that we could return home and practice ourselves.

RESULTS

IMG_5741Hard to capture the colours properly due to tungsten lighting next to a patio door with natural light…but as you can see, they all turned out a bit different.

On the Left: Turmeric
Brilliant goldenrod yellow

If we had had the time to leave it longer, we were told that it would have become more of a deeper orange.

Trying to be artsy with my turmeric yarn!
Trying to be artsy with my turmeric yarn!

In the middle: Red Cabbage

The photo above makes it look pink, but it resulted in more of a slightly pink but more blueish grey.

IMG_5728  The initial picture at the top of this post captures the colour much better.

On the Right: Red Onion Skin

This gave us a yellow-brown colour.  Quite pretty actually!

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We each had purchased our own wool and you can see clearly in this picture that different yarns take dyes in different ways.  The front skein ended up much darker but the process was the same for both skeins.

ADDITIONAL COOL INFO

One other cool thing we learned about was the use of Iron to darken and sometimes completely change a dye colour.

A piece of the red cabbage yarn was used as an example.

First, the instructor boiled a rusty NAIL…well more of a STAKE than a nail but whatever it actually is…it deserves capital letters! 🙂

Any rust would do.  You grab a bunch of rusty metal bits and boil them.

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Ignore the yellow yarn. This was at the end of the night when we discovered that there wasn’t enough iron to dye anything more.

Then you dip in your yarn and in many cases, it changes almost immediately!

The little piece sitting atop the skein in the middle was dipped in the iron water.
The little piece sitting atop the skein in the middle was dipped in the iron water.

I’m hopeful that you can see the difference between the little piece in the centre of the pic above and the remaining skein wrapped around it.  That little piece was dipped into the iron water and turned a gorgeous warm blue-grey.

Here’s another shot:

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I tend to prefer darker colours so I’m thinking there will be a lot of iron in my dyeing future. 😉

So yep, I learned a lot and hope to do more yarn dyeing in future!  Unfortunately, my present kitchen has next to no space for such an endeavour.  Time to move! 😉

One more picture to share….

Near the end of the second class, I asked if there would be enough turmeric left in the pot to dye a shawl.

I had had this shawl on hand for about a year, crocheted it myself, but the winter hues and icy colours weren’t doing it for me.

With 800g of turmeric in the pot, there was *definitely* enough so I also dyed my shawl.  I prefer the warm autumn colours to the previous colder ones so I consider it a successful experiment!

Dyeing Yarn Before & After Turmeric copy